What Is Nailfold Capillaroscopy?
Nail fold capillaroscopy uses a microscope to allow the analysis of the morphology and microcirculation of capillaries in the nail fold. This efficient and non-invasive method is frequently used to examine and identify microangiopathy and microcirculation abnormalities related to diseases like Reynaud’s phenomenon, systematic sclerosis, digital ulcer and others.
Capillaroscopy is increasingly being recognised as a means of detecting rheumatic diseases at an early stage and even of predicting tendencies for such diseases.
Modern capillaroscopy systems harness digital video camera and computer technologies to provide a very flexible and powerful solution compared with standard optical microscopes. A system that has been especially designed and optimised for nail fold video capillaroscopy (NVC), provides the physician with a comfortable, quick and consistent means of examining patients. Furthermore it usually facilitates easy documentation and follow up comparison of results.
Digital NVC is an efficient method to examine and analyse micro circulation abnormalities such as:
- Systematic Sclerosis
- Mixed and Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease
- Systematic Lupus Erythematosus
- Antiphospholipid Syndrome
- Juvenile Connective Diseases
- Psoriasis / Psoriatic Arthritis
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Sjögren’s Syndrome
- Digital Ulcer
Published material about nailfold capillaroscopy.
Atlas of Capillaroscopy of Rehumatic Diseases
Complex Raynaud’s phenomenon: evolving concepts of management.
Florian MP Meier, Marc Frerix and Ulf Müller-Lander
State of art on nailfold capillaroscopy: a reliable diagnostic tool and putative biomarker in rheumatology?
M Coutolo and Vannesa Smith
Predictive role of capillaroscopic skin ulcer risk index in systemic sclerosis: a multicentre validation study
M Sebastiani, A Manfradi et al.